Showing posts from February 23, 2020


Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Is Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral a Verse Drama ?

T .S.Eliot (1888-1965) was the most striking figure in the literary world in the Inter-War years. He wrote seven dramas-  Sweeney Agonists, The Rock, Murder in the Cathedral, The Family Reunion, The Cocktail Party, The Confidential Clerk  and  The Elder Statesman . Some of his famous poems are  Prufrock and Other Observations, The Wasteland, The Hollow-Man  etc. Eliot wrote  Murder in the Cathedral  for the Canterbury Festival of 1935. George Bell, Bishop of Chichester saw  The Rock , greatly admired Eliot and asked him to write a play for the festival. Thus, the play premiered in 1935. The play deals with the martyrdom of Thomas Becket- one of the greatest of English saints, who was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162-1170. He was murdered in his own Cathedral by Knights who claimed to be loyal to the king. The allure of such a story for a dramatist is obvious, there is great conflict between human and divine power, a strong central character and a number of complicated spi

Comment on the mingling of genres in G.B.Shaw’s ‘PYGMALION’

Explanation of best quotes of Pygmalion Character Sketch Eliza Doolittle Pygmalion as a Problem Play Pygmalion is a richly complex play written by George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950). It encloses within itself assumptions of social superiority and inferiority that underlie the class system. Shaw demonstrates how speech and etiquette preserve class distinctions. Disgusted with the misspelt of the language he speaks in the preface,        The English have no respect for their language and will not teach their children to speak it… It is impossible for an Englishman to open his mouth without making some other Englishman hate or despise him. The play combines a central story of the transformation of a young woman with elements of myth, fairy tale and romance, while also combining an interesting plot with an exploration of social identity, the power of science, relation between men and women and other issues. Change is central to the plot and theme of the play, which of course revol

Comment on the play ‘The Alchemist’ as a comedy

Doctor Faustus History of English Language Deconstruction Ben Johnson (1573-1637) the greatest playwright and dramatist of the Post Shakespearean period was the one who had all good literary gifts. He had learning- perhaps too much of it, industry and constancy- well beyond the ordinary, versatility, humour, grace, nimbleness, wit, style quiet adequate to his needs, an insight into contemporary life and manner greater than that of any writer of his day. Among his famous works are- Every Man in his Humour, Volpone, The Alchemist, Bartholomew Fair, The Poetaster and many more. The Alchemist is one of his best comedies. According to J.B.Stern,       The Alchemist is a very highly organised, sharply pointed, moral comedy, but its sting is directed not so much at the exploiters as at the society, which by its greed and folly is so open to exploitation… The Alchemist is an anatomy of the humor of greed and it demonstrates with beautiful simplicity an obvious truth that is often

Analyze two monologues from ‘HAMLET’ to highlight his mental state

Hamlet is regarded as one of the Shakespeare’s best tragedies. The play falls into the genre of the revenge tragedy which was very popular in the Jacobean era with its taste for violence and intrigue. Revenge is the most obvious and one of the main themes of the play. Besides, the focus of the play is on higher principles of life and living, death and morality.      Hamlet is endowed with finer characteristics which raise him above the level of stock protagonist of the revenge play. He is highly intelligent, introspective young man. He is witty and entertaining showing a strong sense of humour throughout, even in the midst of his mental suffering as his life was full of melancholy and madness. Hamlet is also enriched with the sensitiveness to the values of personal relationship. The cruelty of violence gives place to intellectual reflection that dominates the major part of the play. The playwrights in the Elizabethan period made extensive use of soliloquy in their plays, which i

Miss JEAN BRODIE symbolizes fascism in the novel

Muriel spark born in Edinburg, Scotland is the creator of bizarre situations illustrating contemporary life. She does so with wit, elegance and sense of mature fun that is unique in The Comforters, Robinson, The Ballad of Peckham Rye, The Girls of Slender Means and The Abbess of Crewe. She accepts the supernatural and understands the power of spirit to influence the course of events. Violence is part of her world, yet she views it with detachment, even impassivity. More serious and perhaps her less successful works are The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie and The Mandelbaum . The Prime of Miss jean Brodie is set in Edinburgh of 1930s and as such,            directly related to the history of fascism and aftermath of war.      In the novel Muriel spark brings to life an eccentric, egocentric and charming teacher in a private Edinburgh School during the 1930s, Miss Brodie. Six students known collectively as the Brodie set move through the grades. She collides with her students reg

Explain the provocative role of fairies in “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was the greatest dramatist of English Literature during Elizabethan Age. His most famous works are- A Midsummer Night’s dream, The Merchant of Venice, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, As You Like It, Hamlet etc. Dryden remarks,      Shakespeare was the man of all modern and perhaps ancient poets, had the largest and most comprehensive soul. Ben Jonson also quotes, He was not of an age but for all times . A Midsummer Night’s Dream a romantic comedy was probably written and performed in 1590s. It has lot of love, fun, laughter and also fairies. Shakespeare emphasises the fairies non-human status by making them speak mostly in couplets which are farthest from ordinary human speech. The play is interpreted in different way that is psychoanalytically, historically and according to its poetry. The fairies are the unusual characters in the play. The time when Shakespeare wrote this play nearly everyone believed in the existence of supernatural creatures.