Showing posts from May 3, 2020


Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Artistic Intention in Literature

The issue regarding the intention of the artist has been taken up by the critics down the ages. A group of critics are of the view that an artist has a definite intention that is the device through which he gives vent to his inspiration and to the message that he wants to put forth. The Artistic Intention has often been explained with regard to the romantic writers. The poets of romantic age were extremely egoistical and highly subjective personals. Their artistic creation is a reflection on their egotism. In reading poets like William Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron and Shelley we get an ample evidence of their intentions. Sometimes, however with regard to John Keats the artistic intention cannot be easily explored. In fact, the negative capability in Keats and Shakespeare’s writings come on the way of making any inference about their intentions. In the twentieth century, the critics have opined that art is not an expression of self; it is an escape from self. Thus, an artist i

Explain Wordsworth’s Poetic Diction

Baroque Style                 Objective Correlative                           Artistic Intention Poetic Diction is a term used to mean language and usage peculiar to poetry. This came into prominence with William Wordsworth’s the Preface to the Lyrical Ballads in which he claims to have taken pains to avoid what is usually called ‘Poetic Diction’ though it succumbed to a lot of controversy. According to Wordsworth, There should be no such thing as language and usage peculiar to poetry . He asserts that there is and should be no essential difference between the language of prose and the language of metrical composition as poetic style is organic and not perspective. As he wrote in his Essay on Epitaphs , language is not the dress of thought but its incarnation. Therefore, every poet’s mode of experience is peculiar to him; it will find expression in a style appropriate to it. No general poetic style can be prescribed for all poets to follow. Wordsworth found that his

Define Objective Correlative

Poetic Diction                    Dissociation of Sensibility Colonialism Objective Correlative is a term introduced by T.S.Eliot in his essay Hamlet and his Problems (1919). His doctrine of poetic impersonality finds its most classical formulation. He says, The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an ‘objective correlative’; in other words a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion, such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked .   According to him the writer cannot communicate his emotions directly to the readers, he has to find some object suggestive of it and only then he can evoke the same emotion in his readers. It is through objective correlative that the transaction between author and the reader takes place. Eliot illustrates this by giving examples from Shakespeare’s successful plays. Considering Macbe

Define Dissociation of Sensibility

Objective Correlative Dissociation of Sensibility- a phrase coined by T.S.Eliot in an essay entitled The Metaphysical Poets (1921) to describe, Something that happened to the mind of England between the time of Donne or Lord Herbert of Cherbury and the time of Tennyson and Browning; it is the difference between the intellectual poet and the reflective poet . Tennyson and Browning are poets and they think, but they do not feel their thought as immediately as the odour of a rose. A thought to Donne was an experience, it modifies his sensibility .   According to Eliot,  In the seventeenth century a dissociation of sensibility set in from which we have never recovered .    The term ‘dissociation of sensibility’ stands generally for the separation of feeling from thinking, intellect from passion. This takes place specially when one feature or quality in a poem is emphasised and refined at the cost of the other or in other words when only one aspect of sensibility is exercise

Elucidate Main Themes of The Playboy of the Western World

Relevance of Title                             Christy Mohan John Millington Synge (1871-1909) is considered as the greatest dramatist of the Irish Literary revival. Along with W.B.Yeats and Lady Gregory he made the Abbey Theatre of Dublin a famous centre of dramatic activities. He wrote several plays- The Aran Islands, The Shadow of Glen, Riders to the Sea, The Tinker’s Wedding, The Playboy of the Western World, The Well of the Saints and Deirdre of Sorrows .   These plays provide evidence of his versatility and have won and preserved for him a permanent place among the great names in the British drama.     The Playboy of the Western World, a highly controversial play exposed the middle class audience to a different portrayal of Irish countryside life as opposed to the traditional idyllic image they were accustomed to. The play has been looked at variously from the point of view of its genre, its themes and its central characters. The main themes in the play are:- Theme o

Character Sketch of Christy Mohan in The Playboy of the Western World

Relevance of Title                            Theme John Millington Synge (1871-1909) is considered as the greatest dramatist of the Irish Literary revival. The characters drawn by him were real human beings of flesh and blood. He did allow his feelings to colour his portraits. A.C. Collins notices a Shakespearean touch in The Playboy of the Western World. He says, No doubt, neither Pegeen nor the other girls, nor indeed any of the characters are even likely, but, whatever Ireland thought the outer world could rejoice is the vitality and humour of the conception. Here was human nature simple and crude, cunning and brutal, greedy, spiteful and changeable but warm in the blood and capable of poetry… Synge did not agree with the Irish patriots who presented all Irish men as noble and women as virtuoso. He presents real life human beings at its best and at its worst, in spirituality and in animal savagery. In the present play Synge has given us picture of the ways and manners, th