Showing posts from July 11, 2021


Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Colonialism in English Literature

  Modernism                Postcolonialism             Character Sketch of Kurtz Structuralism               Deconstruction   Feminism and Feminist Theory     Colonialism in English Literature is not as widespread as Postcolonialism. But, it is a fact that the latter is rooted in Colonialism. The above heading means a work written during a period of time when one country was actively participating colonizing, exploiting and exhibiting power over people of another geographical area.        The colonization of a country was followed by the colonization of the subject population, and this invariably colonises the culture also. The impact of colonization on culture was thus, institutionalized and was the most visible aspect of the harmony of British. While the replacements like food habits, gestures games etc were taking place, the gradual spread of English education brought forth a group of writers who drank deep at the fountain of European learning. These writers chose the English lang

Poststructuralism in Language and Literature

  Structuralism in Language Deconstruction Pygmalion as a Problem Play Poststructuralism was an outcome of the debates by critics and analysts who found language and literature to be deeper and richer than the Structuralist theory suggested. In many ways, Poststructuralism is an extension to radical extremes of the premises suggested by the structuralists. Both give primacy to language at the centre of their world, but, Poststructuralism presents a retrospective critique of certain Structuralist commitments. In language, Structuralism formed only one of the many circles which interacted with one another and made the decipherment of meaning more complex. This necessitated the study of literary works in more precise terms for reasons of identifying structures of feelings and emotions embedded in them; thus, emerged Poststructuralism. Post Structural critics said, “ read the text against itself ”. As such, in doing so, they uncover various layers of meaning embedded in the text. They

Structuralism in Language

  Define Langue and Parole                             Deconstruction Modernism and its Chief Features Poststructuralism      Structuralism finds its origin in the work of early 20 th century linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913 ). His attempt was to reduce language to a set of propositions based upon formal relationship that define and exist between various elements of language as a system of signs. According to him, a linguist sign has two components- Signifier and the Signified. The former is the word, the alphabets arranged in a particular order; whereas, latter is the concept that the signifier stands for.      The other separation that Saussure insisted in the field of linguistics was between specific speech acts and the general system (or structure) of language. The first he called Parole and the second Langue. To make sense of an utterance i.e. parole, one should be aware of the underlying system of work i.e. langue.        When applied to literature, Structuralism