Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Concept of Privatization in Indian Education System

Factors leading to growth of Private Institutions in Education

Concern and Problems regarding Privatization of Education

Orthodox School's Views of Knowledge

Overview of History of English Language

The concept of privatization in Indian Education System means running the institute without taking financial subsidy from the government. However, they are required to take recognition from the concerned authority of the government and have to be affiliated to a board- CBSE, ICSE, UGC, NCTE, INC, PCI etc established by the government. The ownership of these educational institutions involve:-

1)   Individual Owner and Trusts: Owned either by wealthy people of society or trusts created by corporate houses.

2)      NGO’s: EX-The Aziz-Premji Foundation, Akshara etc.

3)      Religious Bodies: The Christian Missionaries, Arya Samaj, Ram Krishna Mission, Khalsa Group etc.

4)      Corporate Houses: Tata, Birla, Reliance group etc.

Privatization of education in India introduced new policies and programs to increase employment, income opportunities and achieve economic development at National and International level. It has brought about rapid change in the educational scenario. Privatization encourages the individual and society to establish schools, colleges and private universities to meet the growing demand for education.

In India, privatization of education is not new; it existed even before independence in the form of so called Public Schools like Doon School, Mayo College and Christian Missionary Schools and Colleges. They were run by their own Board of Management without interference of the government. After independence, there was an expansion of education. Central and State Governments both took initiatives to establish State-owned or government aided schools. Teachers at all levels have their salaries determined according to national or state wage scales. After 1970’s interlinked process of globalization and liberalization tremendously affected the educational process in India.

A stage was encountered when government was finding it difficult to meet the democratic aspirations of the people for further expansion of educational system due to paucity of resources. On the other hand, the expansion of the horizons of knowledge was taking place at a rapid pace all over the world. It was therefore felt that privatization in education be introduced so that it can share the burden of the government in funding and providing quality education.

Privatization in education has increased the opportunities by increasing the scope of admissions in all levels of education. Due to ownership, level of quality increased in few set-ups to great extent. However, this is not true with all private organizations. Most of them are meant for financially strong strata of the society and the poor children are bound to go to government schools. This has widened the gap between the rich and poor. The emerging new talent is not at all interested in government schools except Navodaya Vidyalayas and Kendriya Vidyalayas. Lot of facilities have been provided nowadays to government educational institutions but there is lack of proper strategy to utilise and maintain them. As a result people are opting for private schools. On the other hand owing to such circumstances the private schools are making education their business commonly termed as ‘Commercialization of Education’.


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