Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Survey Study Descriptive Research

  Census Survey, Descriptive Research 

Sigmund Freud's Theory of Socialization


Descriptive research is a type of educational research (Educational research is a step by step systematic inquiry based on the scientific method. It is concerned. with understanding, prediction and control of phenomena.)  that aims to systematically describe a population, situation or phenomena. It investigates "what', "where"  and 'when' exists, but not "why". Basically, there are four methods to conduct descriptive research.

(1) Survey Study- It is a type of descriptive research conducted on large samples through surveys.

(2) Case Study-  When the research is carried out by detailed and comprehensive study of one case (one unit of population) it is called case study.

(3) Developmental Studies- When the research studies. various aspects of human development like cognitive, social, motor etc in groups of persons of same characteristics; it is developmental research.

(4) Documentary Analysis Studies- Analyses of documents related to a particular area of education, eg: religious, value education etc, is known at documentary analysis studies.

The most popular educational research is Survey study or Descriptive Survey Research. Besides finding the facts, it results in the formulation of important principles of knowledge and solution of significant problems concerning various issues  by conducting survey. Basically, it provides three types of information-

·         (a) Of what exists with respect to variables or conditions in a situation.

·         (b) Of what we went by identifying norms with which to compare the present condition.

·         (c) Of how to achieve a good by exploring possible ways and means on the basis of the experiences of other or opinions of experts.

Therefore, descriptive survey research helps in understanding of complex problems concerning the education system through surveys. They help in generating an information data base which can form the basis for identifying significant factors, variables and trends. This ‘information data base' leads to formulation of hypotheses which further leads to theorization process. However,this kind of survey vary greatly in complexity. On one side they consider only the frequency of events to study the problem. Whereas, on the other side they attempt to ascertain important relationships among phenomena.

Various types of descriptive survey research are:-

 (1) Census Survey

(2) Sample Survey.

(3) Longitudinal Survey.

(4) Cross-Sectional Survey.

(5) Comparative Survey.

(6) Evaluation Survey.

(7) Documentary Survey.


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