Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Gandhiji’s Concept of Education

Pramana as a valid source of Knowledge

Education as a Discipline

Relevance of Gandhi's concept of education to present times

Aurobindo's concept of education

Explain Stream of Consciousness

 The concept of education according to Mahatma Gandhi is different from other philosophers. In his words, “Literacy in itself is no education. It is neither the beginning nor the end of education. By education, I mean an all round drawing out of the best in child and man- body, mind and spirit.

According to Gandhiji, literacy was just a means of education. He emphasized the development of head, hand and health. He stressed on the fact that true education draws out and stimulates physical, intellectual and spiritual faculties of child. That is, education has to take care of whole human personality, so that a child can grow to its highest stature and serve the society at its best.

To put his ideas and principles into practice Gandhiji formulated a scheme of education known as ‘Basic Education’ which revolutionized Indian thinking and way of living. The main aim of ‘Basic Education ‘was to purify the heart and mind of people, make them self-dependent through some skilled work and create a society free from exploitation and aggression. One can say that his educational practice was based on need and requirement of the individual and the society. Therefore, his concept and practice of education was sound and scientific psychologically (developed love, affection, self-esteem, creativity etc), sociologically (developed discipline, co-operation, tolerance, respect etc), pedagogically (craft-centred education developed learning by doing and earning while learning) as well as biologically (education helped to adapt to the complex changing situations and environment).


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