Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

Analyse Education as a Discipline

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Gandhiji's concept of education

Different forms of Academic Discipline

Discipline as a source of knowledge

Concept of Privatization in Indian Education System

Regarding status of Education as a discipline, we come across different views given by experts. Some consider education as multi-disciplinary in nature; whereas, others take it simply as a discipline.

First let’s consider education as multi-disciplinary in nature. We find there is no specific educational technique or procedure to handle varied educational problems. For this, we have to look towards various disciplines such as Psychology, Sociology, Philosophy, History & Economics. Psychology holds an important place in determining the intelligence, emotions, behaviour etc of a child. Similarly, knowledge of Philosophy can’t be avoided when we talk about aims & objectives of education. Also different philosophical approaches help to draw implications regarding discipline and punishment in class, freedom of learners etc. Sociology contributes in socialization of child and also while forming curriculum. Therefore, Education as a discipline is so closely associated with certain other disciplines that one cannot think of isolating education from them.

Next, considering Education as a distinct discipline. Education certainly is a distinct discipline as it has laws, principles, logical reasoning regarding the better and desirable mode of education. Also, we find, educational skill is a result of training and experience. Therefore, on these grounds education is considered to be a discipline. However, certain arguments are found against this view:-

1)      Education does not have a specific methodology.

2)      Educational skill and practice is a result of training and experience but nowhere has it proved that there must be a distinct branch of science underlying the practice.

Hence, on this basis we cannot consider Education simply as a discipline.

Further, when we consider the realm of things that are involved in education that is- teacher, students, pedagogy, curriculum, examination, evaluation, aims and objectives etc. We find the proper objects for single theoretical discipline. In this sense, education is a distinct applied discipline. However, it does not have a separate body of systematic knowledge but is making use of various disciplines. We draw knowledge from Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, History, and Economics and focus our attention on applying this knowledge to the field of Education. Hence, Education can be called as multi-disciplinary in nature.



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