Comparative Survey, Descriptive Research

  Comparative survey research is a type of descriptive survey where it aims to compare the status of two or more variable, institutions, strategies etc. This technique often uses multiple disciplines in one study.This does not only compare different groups but also same group over time.Few points are to be kept in mind before starting the comparative survey. ·        Comparison Points -The research should be very clear regarding the points to be compared. This can also be identified through review of literature and experience of experts. ·        Assumption of Similarities -  One has to be clear about the similarities the two variable hold. If the researcher do not find this there is no point of comparison. Criteria of Comparison - The researcher has to identify the criteria of comparison keeping in mind the fairness and objectivity. Appropriate tools has to be identified for measurement of criterion variables. Comparative survey research is carried on when the researcher cannot

To Ensure Effectiveness of Curriculum Transaction in Classroom

Various means of curriculum transaction in classroom

Education vs Indoctrination

Education as a Discipline

Explain Stream of Consciousness

The effectiveness of curriculum transaction in classroom lies in meeting the needs and expectation of learners that keeps changing as time passes. There are various ways to ensure this:-

1)      Self-Observation: Self-observation in the classroom is a way for teachers to look back on their teaching strategies to analyse how and why they were teaching in a certain way and how their student responded. This can be done by audio or video recording of their own teaching in classroom. The self-observation of this recording can offer teachers a critical opportunity to see what worked and what failed in their classroom and in which area they need improvement.

2)      Observation of Others: Observing others teaching is another way to make our teaching more effective. This is a way to analyse and evaluate one’s own teaching practices. Teachers effectively acknowledge the teaching strategies of others. This helps them to construct and reconstruct their own knowledge and teaching skills.

3)      Mindset: A change in mindset, mood and overall classroom vibe begins with the teacher. If the teacher is excited about the subject-matter, the students will tend to follow. Therefore, a teacher’s mindset regarding how to design and deliver content is critical to the innovative learning process and the effective classroom transaction.

4)      Action Research: Action research is a sort of self-reflective inquiry that we could initiate for the purpose of improving our own classroom practices. In day to day teaching a teacher confronts a lot of problems. So, the action research will help in identifying a problem, studying it and then taking constructive steps towards solving the problem. Hence, to increase effectiveness in classroom transaction.

5)      Maintenance of Diary: The habit of noting down daily teaching experiences and then analysing it periodically will definitely help in gaining powerful insight into our own classroom behaviour and desired modification in teaching.

6)      Feedback System: A teacher can develop a feedback system that would act as a database to see effectiveness of instruction. This will give enough insight into our functioning and providing us with the cons and pros with respect to teaching learning process.

7)      Resorting to Active Learning Activities: Using a variety of teaching approaches a teacher can effectively transact curriculum in a classroom. The more active the technique is used, the more easily the students understand the topics that bind the concept. Hence, more the opportunities a teacher provide the students, the more effective the teaching transaction turns to be.

    Curriculum plays an important role in the development of thinking skills and the acquisition of relevant knowledge that students need to apply in the context of their studies, life and carrier. Major emphasis should be given on effective curriculum transaction and also to ensure this in any educational program.


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